Research regions 2017/2018, further analyses in progress
Kosovo’s recent history has been shaped by the Kosovo War (1999) and its declaration of independence in 2008. For the conflict between Serbia, including the Serbian minority living in Kosovo, and the Kosovo Albanians is still present. Dangerous tensions between Belgrade and Pristina arise frequently, which burdens the region itself as much as the development of both states. Additional fracture lines appear within the Kosovar society: Highly educated young Kosovars aim for Europe while hundreds of young men head to Syria to join the IS. The heroic narratives of this generation, which eked out the Kosovo War and later struggled for the independence of their state, confront the coming generation with questions of identity and values. In the 1970s and 1980s literature played an important role in the development of a new national identity, without which the war and the independence would not have been possible or even thinkable. We should listen attentively again to what Kosovar literature has to say if we want to understand today’s developments of this country better.
Since Nigeria’s democratization in 1999, the tendencies of Islamization in its North as well as secessional endeavors in its South have increased. Since 2009, Western media report on escalations of violence of the terrorist organization Boko Haram that aims to turn Nigeria into an Islamic state and therefore commits terroristic attacks and mass abductions. Whereas the idea of a separate state called “Biafra” polarizes the society of the Nigerian Southeast, which leads to bloody conflicts between separatists and security forces. Both conflicts, the Northern shariah conflict as much as the Southeastern Biafra conflict, evolved in a long-lasting latency phase as part of – among others – debate and development within language and literature. Wole Soyinka, who was the first African to be awarded the Nobel Prize in 1986, and Chinua Achebe, recipient of the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, are among the most renown Nigerian writers.
© 2018 Studienprojekt Cassandra — Krisenfrüherkennung durch Literaturauswertung
(Study Project Cassandra – Early Crisis Detection through Literary Analysis)
Weltethos-Institut (Global Ethic Institute)
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